The key infrastructure for the return to normalcy after the pandemic crisis is played by the major infrastructure projects that the Ministry of Infrastructure is launching for the next three years and has a budget of 13.5 billion euros. These projects, which are expected to be funded by the Recovery Fund and are estimated to add about 27 percentage points to the country’s GDP by 2023, attribute the mobility to the domestic construction market.
First in line is the Metro Line 4 project, which has a budget of 1.158 billion euros and is to be implemented by Avax. In the first phase, the preliminary works with the contractor ERETVO, which have a budget of 48 million euros and a horizon of 30 months, will start, possibly within a period of six months. The preliminary work will be followed by the main work, which is expected to begin within a year from today, with the contract having to go through a pre-contractual review by the Court of Auditors and be ratified by Parliament.
The main project is expected to be completed in eight years, but it is a common secret that it will take much longer. This should be taken into account that Line 4 of the Metro is located in areas where reactions are not excluded but also important archaeological finds, such as Exarchia (at the junction of Stournari and Sp. Trikoupi streets) and Kolonaki (at the junction of Skoufa, Patriarchou streets Ioakeim, Kapsali, Koumbari and Kanari).
The first phase of Line 4 of the Metro, Alsos Veikou – Goudi, includes a total of 15 stations (Veikou, Galatsi, Elikonos, Kypseli, Courts, Alexandra, Exarchia, Akadimias, Kolonaki, Evangelismos, Kaisariani, Panepistimiou Zouliou, Ilou). Also, the Ministry of Infrastructure plans, at the end of 2021, the announcement of the project for the extension of Line 2, which has a budget of 350 million euros.
The new generation of large projects also includes the project of upgrading the Internal Peripheral Road of Thessaloniki with a fly over in the section from the “Papageorgiou” Hospital to the connection with the E.O. Thessaloniki-Moudania. Five technical groups have expressed interest in the project, which is being promoted as a Public-Private Partnership (PPP), with an estimated construction cost of 300 million euros.
The list also includes the 310m-long Patras-Pyrgos road, which belongs to Olympia Odos, a project that secured a second approval by the European Commission in early November. It remains for the General Directorate of Competition to give the green light, in order to restart, in 2021, the construction of the project.
The green light of the European Competition Commission is also required for the northern part of the E65 highway, from Trikala to Egnatia. The road project, 64 km long, which will connect the completed section Xyniada-Trikala and the under construction section Lamia-Xyniada of E65 with the Egnatia Odos, is worth 400 million euros and will be implemented by GEK Terna.
High on the agenda is the Northern Road Axis of Crete (BOAK), a budget project of 1.3 – 1.5 billion euros, which, according to the previous government, was at an advanced stage, but in fact the basic studies had not been completed. The previous planning foresaw the auction as a concession project of the Chania-Heraklion section and as a Public-Private Partnership (PPP), as a public project, of the Hersonissos-Neapoli and Neapoli-Agios Nikolaos sections.
Also, the contract for the construction of the Aktio-Amvrakia highway was recently signed, totaling 91 million euros, with a horizon of implementation in 2023. At the same time, the new airport in the area of Kasteli, Crete, is under construction, which will replace the existing airport. ” Nikos Kazantzakis “and is implemented by the TERNA – GMR Airports Ltd. consortium The construction cost of the project is 480 million euros, while the total investment is estimated to reach 1 billion euros.
The submarine link Salamina-Perama is under study, a project with an estimated budget of 450 million euros. It concerns the construction of an underwater tunnel about 1.1 km long. With its accesses from both sides (total length of the project about 3 km) from the uneven junction of Peratia to the uneven junction of Paloukia. It also includes the bypass roads of the cities of Perata and Salaina, approximately 14.5 km long.
The Egnatia Odos and its three vertical road axes belong to the projects to be implemented, with the scheme GEK TERNA – Egis Projects having submitted a binding offer for the concession of the highway.
The “package” of projects worth 13.5 billion euros includes railway projects worth 3 billion euros. The largest projects of the design include the Thessaloniki – Alexandroupolis connection, amounting to 1.4 billion euros, also known as the “Egnatia railway”, whose section Thessaloniki – Toxotes Xanthi is the most mature. The 3 billion euro package includes the completion of the Athens-Patras railway connection with the construction of the Rio-Patras section, which has a budget of 300 million euros and is the natural continuation of the Rododafni-Rio line.
In the near future, the implementation of the extensions of Attiki Odos, flood protection projects worth 1.2 billion euros, is launched, as well as the implementation of a road safety improvement program, which includes point interventions in 7,000 dangerous points throughout the country.